School of Aviation

Brett Molesworth

Assoc/Prof Brett Molesworth

PhD (UWS) Doctor of Philosophy
BAv (Hons) Aviation Management
Commercial Pilots Licence (CPL)
Advanced Aerobatics Rating

Associate Professor

 
Room Number:  OMB 175
Office:
 UNSW Aviation, The University of NSW, Sydney NSW 2052
Phone:
 9385-6757
Fax:
 9386-6637
Email:
Youtube Channel:
 Brett Molesworth


Area of Interest

The focus of my research is on understanding human performance in complex socio-technical environments, with a particular emphasis on the factors that influence individual's at-risk behaviour (risk management). To this end I study human performance in three main areas, namely: medicine, road and aviation. Some current projects include: the effects of noise on pilot performance (i.e., memory and decision-making), (mis)communication in general aviation, predictors (attitude and personality) of pilots risk-taking behaviour, training programmes to improve young drivers’ speed management behaviour, aviation cabin safety (i.e., survivability factors) and communicating safety critical information to passengers (i.e., pre-flight safety briefings), and applying a Human Factor Classification Framework for patient safety (medical errors). I maintain active collaborations with scientists in the USA, Germany, and Australia.


Opportunities for Research

As a Human Factors practitioner, I am always keen to hear from industry professionals, colleagues or prospective research students wishing to conduct research. For prospective Honours, MSc or PhD students, I have many opportunities to investigate human performance factors that affect behaviour in aviation, including that of pilots, cabin crew and air traffic control officers. For road, potential projects include examining the predictors of risk-taking behaviour with young drivers as well as continue research investigating training methods to improve young drivers' speed management behaviour. For medicine, potential projects include distinguishing between errors and violations as well as the application of the Human Factors Classification Framework. My supervision philosophy is to provide clear guidance and specialist advice with the overriding emphasis on facilitating students in taking charge of their research.


Professional Affiliations

  • Registered Psychologist (NSW)
  • Member of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society (HFES)
  • Member of the SAFE association (SAFE)
  • Member Australian Aviation and Psychology Association (AAvPA)


Most Recent Publications

2019

  • Molloy, O., Molesworth, B.R.C., & Williamson, A. (2019). An on-road study investigating the effectiveness of two cognitive-based training methods to improve young drivers' speed management. Transportation Research Part F: Psychology and Behaviour, 60, 68-80.

2018

  • Molesworth, B. R. C., Pagan, J., & Wilcock, C. (in press). Pre-flight safety briefings: Understanding the relationship between mode of delivery, recall of key safety messages and mood. International Journal of Aerospace Psychology, Accepted 18 May 2018.
  • Molloy, O., Molesworth, B., & Williamson, A. (2018). The Effect of Cognitive-Based Training on Young Drivers' Speed Management Behaviour: An On-Road Study. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting. 62 (1), 1970-1974. SAGE Publications. https://doi.org/10.1177/1541931218621446
  • McMurtrie, K., & Molesworth, B. R. C. (2018). Australian flight crews’ trust in voluntary reporting systems and Just Culture policies. Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors, 8, 11-21. Watch a summary of this research on YouTube
  • McMurtrie, K., & Molesworth, B.R. C. (2018).The variability in risk assessment between flight crew. International Journal of Aerospace Psychology, 27, 65-78.
  • Molesworth, B. R. C., & Burgess, M., & Wilcock, C. (2018). Comparison of the effects on memory tasks of babble and broadband noise. Acoustics Australia. Accepted 19 March 2018. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40857-018-0128-9
  • Molloy, O., Molesworth, B.R.C., & Williamson, A. (2018). Cognitive training interventions to improve young drivers’ speed management behaviour: effects, implications, and perspectives. Transportation Research Part F: Psychology and Behaviour, 55, 325-340.
  • Molloy, O., Molesworth, B.R.C., & Williamson, A. (2018). Improving young drivers’ speed management behaviour through feedback: a cognitive training intervention. Transportation Research Part F: Psychology and Behaviour, 54, 324-337.

2017

  • Molesworth, B. R. C., & Burgess, M., & Koh, S. (2017). The relationship between noise and mode of delivery on recognition memory and working memory. Applied Acoustics, 116, 329-336.
  • Molesworth, B. R. C., & Burgess, M., & Wilkinson, J. (2017). Summary findings of study on comparison between open-plan office noise and broadband noise on working memory and recognition memory, Acoustics Australia, 45, 16-18.
  • Bekier, M., & Molesworth, B. R. C. (2017). Altering user’ acceptance of automation through prior automation exposure. Ergonomics, 60, 745-753.

2016

  • McMurtrie, K. J., & Molesworth, B. R. C. (2016). Balancing production and safety goals: Pilot decision-making in three different risk scenarios Proceedings of the 32nd EAAP Conference European Association for Aviation Psychology. Thinking, high and low: Cognition and decision making in aviation (pp. 23-34), Valetta, Malta: ISBN/EAN: 978-90-815253-5-0.
  • Krasnova, O., Molesworth, B., & Williamson, A. (2016). Understanding the Effect of Feedback on Young Drivers’ Speeding Behavior. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting. 60 (1), 1986-1990. SAGE Publications. doi:10.1177/1541931213601452
  • Molesworth, B. R. C., & Koo, T. (2016). The influence of attitude towards individuals' choice for a remotely piloted commercial flight: a latent class logit approach. Transportation Research Part C, 71, 51-62. Watch a summary of this research on YouTube
  • Tehrani, M., & Molesworth, B. R. C. (2016). The effect of mood on performance in a non-normal situation: unscheduled aircraft evacuation. Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors, 6, 1-11. Watch a summary of this research on YouTube
  • Burgess, M., & Molesworth, B. R. C. (2016). The noise reduction provided by aviation headsets. Acoustics Australia, 44, 95-99
  • Molesworth, B. R. C., Seneviratne, D., & Burgess, M. (2016). Selling safety: The use of celebrities in improving awareness of safety in commercial aviation. Ergonomics, 59, 989-994.
  • Estival, D., Farris, C., Molesworth, B. R. C. (2016). Aviation English: A lingua franca for pilots and air traffic controllers. Oxford, UK: Routledge.
  • Mitchell, R. J., Williamson, A. M., & Molesworth, B. R. C. (2016). Application of a human factors classification framework for patient safety to identify precursors and contributing factors to adverse clinical incidents in hospital. Applied Ergonomics, 52, 185-195.

2015

  • Krasnova, O., Molesworth, B., & Williamson, A. (2015). The effect of training approaches and feedback for young and novice drivers on the relationship between the actual and perceived speed. In Proceedings of the 19th Triennial Congress of the IEA, 9, 14 - 21. Melbourne, Australia.
  • Krasnova, O., Molesworth B., & Williamson A. (2015). The effect of cognitive-based training interventions on driver speed management behavior: A driving simulator study. In Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, 59 (1), 1796-1800. doi: 10.1177/1541931215591388
  • Molesworth, B. R. C., Burgess, M., & Zhou, A. (2015). The Effects of Noise on Key Workplace Skills. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 138(4), 2054-2061. Watch a summary of this research on YouTube
  • Molesworth, B. R. C., Koh, S., & Burgess, M. (2015). Altering the way key information is presented to overcome the detrimental effect of in-cabin aircraft noise (simulated) on recall performance. In L. Podofillini, B. Sudret, B. Stojadinovic´, E. Zio & W. Kröger, Proceedings of Safety and Reliability of Complex Engineered Systems: ESREL 2015 (pp. 3043 – 3047), 7 – 10 September, Zurich, Switzerland. ISBN 978-1-138-02879-1
  • Mitchell, R. J., Williamson, A. M., & Molesworth, B.R.C. (2015). Use of a human factors classification framework to identify causal factors for medication and medical device-related adverse clinical incidents. Safety Science, 79, 163- 174.
  • Tehrani, M., & Molesworth, B. R. C. (2015). Pre-flight safety briefings, mood and Information retention. Applied Ergonomics, 51, 377-382.
  • Seneviratne, D., & Molesworth, B. R. C. (2015). Employing Humour and Celebrities to Manipulate Passengers' Attention to Pre-Flight Safety Briefing Videos in Commercial Aviation. Safety Science, 75, 130-135. Watch a summary of this research on YouTube
  • Molesworth, B. R. C., & Estival, D. (2015). Miscommunication in General Aviation: The Influence of External Factors on Communication Errors. Safety Science, 73, 73-79. Watch a summary of this research on YouTube

2014

  • Burgess, M., Molesworth, B. R. C., & Zhou, A. (2014). Fatiguing effect of noise in aircraft on cognitive and motor performance. In Proceeding of the 11th International Congress on Noise as a Public Health Problem (ICBEN) (paper 4.7), 1-5 June Nara, Japan.
  • Molesworth, B. R. C., Burgess, M., & Zhou, A. (2014). Investigating the effects of short-term exposure to noise on key piloting skills. Proceedings of the 31st EAAP Conference 'Aviation Psychology: facilitating Change(s)' (pp. 226- 235), Valetta, Malta: ISBN/EAN: 978-90-815253-4-3.
  • Molesworth, B. R. C. (2014). Examining the Effectiveness of Pre-Flight Cabin Safety Announcements in Commercial Aviation. International Journal of Aviation Psychology, 24(4), 300-314. Watch a summary of this research on YouTube
  • Mitchell, R. J., Williamson, A. M., Molesworth, B.R.C., & Chung, A, Z. Q. (2014). A review of the use of human factors classification frameworks that identify causal factors for adverse events in the hospital setting. Ergonomics, 4, 1-30.
  • Molesworth, B. R. C., Burgess, M., Gunnell, B., Löffler, D., & Venjakob, A. (2014). The effect on recognition memory of noise cancelling headphones in a noisy environment with native and non-native speakers. Noise and Health, 16(71), 240-247.
  • Molesworth, B.R.C., Burgess, M., Gunnell, B., & Duong, K. (2014). Examining the benefits of active noise control and supplementary pictorial information in improving the recall of information in a noisy environment. Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors, 4(1), 50-57.
  • Jang, R., Molesworth, B. R. C., Burgess, M., & Estival, D. (2014). Improving communication in general aviation through the use of noise cancelling headphones. Safety Science, 62, 490-504. Watch a summary of this research on YouTube

2013

  • Burgess, M., & Molesworth, B. R. C. (2013). Investigation of the role for noise cancelling headphones to assist speech recall in noise. In proceeding of Meetings on Acoustics (International Congress on Acoustics, Montreal, 2-7 June), Vol. 19, 040012. DOI: 10.1121/1.4800516.
  • Mitchell, R., Williamson, A., & Molesworth, B. R. C. (2013). Identifying causal patterns and errors in adverse clinical incidents. In M. Anderson (Ed.), Contemporary Ergonomics and Human Factors 2013: Proceedings of the international conference on Ergonomics & Human Factors 2013, Cambridge, UK, 15-18 April 2013 (pp. 277 – 284). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.
  • Molesworth, B. R. C., Burgess, M., & Chung, A. (2013). Using Active Noise Cancelling Headphones to Reduce the Effects of Masking in Commercial Aviation. Acta Acustica, 99, 822-827.
  • Molesworth, B. R. C., Burgess, M., & Gunnell, B. (2013). Using the effect of alcohol as a comparison to illustrate the detrimental effects of noise on performance. Noise and Health, 15(66), 367-373.
  • Molesworth, B. R. C., & Burgess, M. (2013). Improving intelligibility at a safety critical point: In flight cabin safety. Safety Science, 51, 11-16.
  • Molesworth, B. R. C., Burgess, M., & Kwon, D. (2013). The use of noise cancelling headphones to improve concurrent task performance in a noisy environment. Applied Acoustics, 74, 110-115.

2012

  • Prabhakharan, P., Molesworth, B., & Hatfield, J. (2012). Impairment of a speed management strategy in young drivers under high cognitive load. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 47, 24-29.
  • Bekier, M., Molesworth, B. R. C., & Williamson, A. (2012). Tipping point: the narrow path between automation acceptance and rejection in air traffic management. Safety Science, 50(2), 259-265.
  • Estival, D., & Molesworth, B. R. C. (2012). Radio Miscommunication: EL2 Pilots in the Australian General Aviation environment. Linguistics and the Human Sciences, 5(3), 351-378.

2011

  • Mitchell R. Chung A. Williamson A. Molesworth B. (2011) Human factors and healthcare-related deaths: review of coronial findings using a human factors classification framework. Ergonomics Australia 11: 18.
  • Prabhakharan, P., & Molesworth, B. R. C. (2011). Repairing Faulty Scripts to Reduce Speeding Behaviour in Young Drivers. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 43, 1696-1702.
  • Molesworth, B., Tsang, M. H, & Kehoe, J. E. (2011). Rehearsal and verbal reminders in facilitating compliance with safety rules. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 43, 991-997.
  • Molesworth, B., Bennett, L., & Kehoe, J. E. (2011). Promoting learning, memory, and transfer in a time-constrained high hazard environment. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 43, 932-938.
  • Bekier, M., Molesworth, B. R. C., & Williamson, A. (2011), Defining the Drivers for Accepting Decision-Making Automation in Air Traffic Management. Ergonomics, 54, 347-356.
  • Bekier, M., Molesworth, B. R. C., & Williamson, A. (2011). Why air traffic controllers accept or refuse automated technology. Paper presented at the 16th International Symposium on Aviation Psychology, Dayton, OH.
  • Drinkwater, J., Molesworth, B. R. C. (2011). Examining the validity of traditional risky flight measures across a variety of risky flying activities. Paper presented at the 16th International Symposium on Aviation Psychology, Dayton, OH.
  • Young, R., & Molesworth, B. R. C. (2011). The Effects of Caffeine on Learning: A Pilot's Perspective. International Journal of Applied Aviation Studies, 11(1), 85-95.

2010

  • Drinkwater, J., & Molesworth, B. R. C. (2010). Pilot see, pilot do: Examining the predictors of pilots' risk management behaviour. Safety Science, 48, 1445-1451.
  • Estival, D., & Molesworth, B. R. C. (2010). Improving radio communication in general aviation: A preliminary investigation. Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Aviation Psychology (pp. 137- 140), Sydney, AUS: ISBN 978-0-9751731-5-2.
  • McCarthy, T., & Molesworth, B. R. C. (2010). Pilot Error: A Comparison between Controlled and Non-Controlled Flight Environments. Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Aviation Psychology (pp. 225 - 228), Sydney, AUS: ISBN 978-0-9751731-5-2.
  • Prabhakharan, P., & Molesworth, B. R. C. & Hatfield, J. (2010). Personalising risk to reduce young driver speeding behaviour. Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Aviation Psychology (pp. 221 - 224), Sydney, AUS: ISBN 978-0-9751731-5-2.

2009

  • Molesworth, B. R. C., & Chang, B. (2009). Predicting Risk-Taking Behavior Through an Implicit Association Test. Human Factors, 51, 845-857. Watch a summary of this research on YouTube
  • Kehoe, J., Molesworth, B. R. C., & Tsang, M, (2009). Do Rehearsal and Reminders Increase Safety Compliance? Only a Little. Abstract presented at the Defence Human Sciences Symposium. Melbourne, AUS: DSTO.
  • Estival, D., & Molesworth, B. R. C. (2009). Aviation Communication in Language Technologies. Abstract presented for speed paper at HCSNet. Sydney, AUS: HCSNet.
  • Estival, D., & Molesworth, B. R. C. (2009). A Study of EL2 Pilots Radio Communication in the General Aviation Environment. Australian Review of Applied Linguistics, 32, 24.1-24.16.
  • Molesworth, B. R. C., & Chang, B. (2009). Risk Management: An Implicit Measure designed to Predict Pilots Risk-Taking Behaviour. Proceedings of the 47th Annual SAFE Symposium. San Diego, CA: SAFE Association.

2008

  • O'Hare, D., Mullen, N. Wiggins, M., & Molesworth, B. (2008). Finding the right case: The role of predictive features in memory for aviation accidents. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 22 (8), 1163-1180.
  • Molesworth, B., & Young, R. (2008). Caffeine: Mitigating the effects of fatigue on the flight deck? Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 52nd Annual Meeting (pp. 1-5). New York. Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. ISBN 978-0-945289-32-6.

2007

  • Drinkwater, J., & Molesworth, B. (2007). Risk Management of Australian General Aviation Pilots. Intermodal Conference on Safety Management and Human Factors. Sydney, AUS.
  • Molesworth, B., & Wiggins, M. (2007). Improving the Retention of Skills during Training. Proceedings of the 45th Annual SAFE Symposium. Reno, NV: SAFE Association.
  • Caska, T. J., & Molesworth, B. R. C. (2007). The effects of low dose caffeine on pilot performance. International Journal of Applied Aviation Studies, 7, (2), 244-255.

2006

  • Molesworth, B., & Wiggins, M. (2006). Limitation of Skill Generalisation Beyond Training. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 50th Annual Meeting (pp. 2620-2623). San Francisco, CA: Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. ISBN 978-0-945289-29-6.
  • Molesworth, B., Wiggins, M., & O'Hare. D. (2006). Improving Pilots Risk Assessment Skills in Low-Flying Operations: The Role of Feedback and Experience. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 38, 954-960.

2004

  • Molesworth, B., & Wiggins, M. (2004). Improving pilots risk management behaviour through active involvement. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 48th Annual Meeting (pp. 2553-2556). New Orleans, LA: Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. ISBN 0-945289-24-3.
  • Molesworth, B., & Wiggins, M. (2004). Personalising the experience to improve the risk management behaviour of pilots. In M. Katsikitis (Ed.). Proceeding of the 39th APS Annual Conference. Psychological Science in Action (pp. 201-205). Melbourne, AUS: The Australian Psychological Society.
  • Molesworth, B., & Wiggins, M. (2004). Representing airspace boundaries in a redesigned en-route aeronautical chart. Ergonomics in Design, 12, (1), 18-23.

2003

  • Molesworth, B. (2003). The impact of experience on risk management behaviour amongst pilots. In W. Noble (Ed.), Australian Journal of Psychology: Vol. 55. The Abstracts of the 30th Conference of the Australasian Experimental Psychology Society (p. 86). Bowen Hills, AUS: Australian Academic Press.
  • Molesworth, B., & Wiggins, M. (2003). An evaluation of aeronautical chart design: Implications for pilot education. In R. S. Jensen (Ed.), Proceedings of the Twelfth International Symposium on Aviation Psychology (pp. 821-825). Dayton, OH: Ohio State University.
  • Molesworth, B., Wiggins, M., & O'Hare, D. (2003). Personalising risk and training to improve the risk management behaviour of pilots. In B. J. Hayward & M. Nendick (Eds.), Proceedings of the Sixth International Australian Aviation Psychology Symposium. Sydney, AUS: Australian Aviation Psychology Association. ISBN 0-9751731-0-3.


Reports to Industry and Government

  • Molesworth, B., & Wiggins, M. (2001). An evaluation of aspects of low-level enroute map design for aeronautical charts. Canberra, AUS: Airservices Australia.

Awards

 
Year Awards
2018 Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Training Technical Group Best Student Paper Award. Oleksandra Krasnova, Brett Molesworth, Ann Williamson
2015 Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Training Technical Group Best Student Paper Award. Oleksandra Krasnova, Brett Molesworth, Ann Williamson
2014
Human Factors and Ergonomics Society of Australia Alan Welford Award (best paper in a peer reviewed journal within the calendar year period). Rebecca Mitchell, Ann Williamson, Brett Molesworth, Amy Chung

PhD Students

 
Year Candidate      
Tittle 
Degree
2018 Dr Oleksandra Molly (Formally Krasnova) Improving young drivers' speed management behaviour Doctor of Philosophy
2014 Dr Justin Drinkwater
She'll be right: The link between attitude, risk perception and experience in Australian general aviation Doctor of Philosophy
2013 Dr Marek Bekier
Automation acceptance in air traffic management Doctor of Philosophy
2013 Dr Prasannah Pabhakharan A cognitive approach to improve young novice drivers' risk management Doctor of Philosophy

Funding Received - External

 
Year Funding Source Lead Chief Investigator Project Title
2018 Civil Aviation Safety Authority Dr Koo Development of an online survey relating to remotely piloted aircraft
2018 Australian Research Council (ARC) Discovery Project (DP) Dr Molesworth A New Training Approach to Address the Novice Driver Problem
2018 Australian Acoustical Society Education Grant Dr Molesworth
Learned helplessness: How future performance in the presence of noise can be affected by negative past performance.
2016 Australian Research Council (ARC) Linkage Project (LP) Dr Nguyen Advancing Knowledge on Silence and Its Impact on Errors and Safety
2015 Australian Acoustical Society Education Grant Dr Molesworth The Impact of Babble on the Cognitive Performance of Office Workers.
2013 Australian Research Council (ARC) Discovery Project (DP) Dr Molesworth Improving Young Drivers' Speed Management Behaviour
2009 Australian Research Council (ARC) Linkage Project (LP) Professor Williamson Human Factors and Patient Safety
2008 NRMA ACT Road Safety Trust Dr Molesworth
Improving Drivers'  Risk Management Behaviour: An Assault on Speeding

Teaching Responsibilities

  • AVIA1321 – Fundamentals of Aviation - Course Coordinator
  • AVIA1401 - Introduction to Human Factors - Course Coordinator
  • AVIA3401 - Aviation Safety and Resource Management - Course Coordinator

External Positions

  • Treasurer - Australian Aviation Psychology Association (AAvPA)